新加坡国立大学Social policy论文代写:执行相同动作

联想学习假设认为镜像神经元是从经验中产生的。 当您学习一种动作并看到其他人执行类似的动作时,您的大脑就会学会将这两个事件联系在一起。 镜像神经元最早是在1992年描述的,当时由贾科莫·里佐拉蒂(Giacomo Rizzolatti)领导的一组神经科学家记录了猕猴大脑中单个神经元的活动,并发现当猴子执行某些动作(例如抓食物)并观察到猴子时,相同的神经元会激发 执行相同动作的实验者。 里佐拉蒂的发现在运动前皮层(大脑的一部分,有助于计划和执行运动)中发现镜像神经元。 随后的研究也大量研究了下顶叶皮层,这有助于编码视觉运动。 新加坡国立大学Social policy论文代写:执行相同动作 The association learning hypothesis holds that mirror neurons are generated from experience. When you learn an action and see other people perform similar actions, your brain learns to tie the two events together. Mirror neurons were first described in 1992, when a group of neuroscientists led by Giacomo Rizzolatti recorded the activity of individual neurons in the brain of macaques and found that when monkeys perform certain actions ( For example, when catching food and observing a monkey, the same neurons will trigger the experimenter performing the same action. Rizzolati's discovery found mirror neurons in the premotor cortex (a part of the brain that helps plan and perform exercise). Subsequent studies have also extensively studied the lower parietal cortex, which helps to encode visual motion....
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英国曼彻斯特大学幼儿教育Essay代写:祖母法则

幼儿始终使用Premack原则。 许多父母告诉孩子们,他们必须先吃蔬菜,然后才能吃甜点,或者必须先完成作业,然后才能玩电子游戏。 这种照料者倾向于使用该原则的原因就是为什么有时将其称为“祖母法则”。尽管它对于所有年龄段的孩子都非常有效,但需要注意的是,并非所有孩子都受到相同奖励的同等动机。 因此,为了成功地应用Premack原则,看护人必须确定最能激发孩子兴趣的行为。 Premack原则有几个限制。 首先,一个人对原则的应用的反应取决于上下文。 在给定的时刻个人可以进行的其他活动以及个人的偏好将在所选的增强剂是否会产生不太可能的行为方面发挥作用。 英国曼彻斯特大学幼儿教育Essay代写:祖母法则 Young children always use the Premack principle. Many parents tell children that they must eat vegetables before they can eat desserts, or they must finish their homework before they can play video games. The reason why such caregivers tend to use this principle is why it is sometimes referred to as the "grandmother's rule." Although it is very effective for children of all ages, it is important to note that not all children are equally motivated by the same rewards. Therefore, in order to successfully apply the Premack principle, the caregiver must determine the behavior that best motivates the child's interests. The Premack principle has several limitations. First, the response of a person to the application of principles depends on the context. Other activities that individuals can perform at a given time, as well as personal preferences, will play a role in whether the selected enhancer will produce unlikely behavior....
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新加坡南洋理工毕业论文代写:膜式传声器

该系统根据乐器的振动材料将其分为四类:航空器(由空气引起的振动,如长笛),颤音器(由弦引起的振动,如与吉他一样),膜式传声器(动物皮肤的振动,如与鼓一样的振动)和中音 (由仪器本身引起的振动,如嘎嘎声)。 1950年,荷兰音乐学家Jaap Kunst创造了“民族音乐学”一词,将两个学科结合在一起:音乐学(音乐研究)和民族学(不同文化的比较研究)。 音乐学家查尔斯·西格(Charles Seeger),人类学家艾伦·梅里亚姆(Alan Merriam)等人以这个新名字为基础,于1955年成立了民族音乐学学会,并于1958年成立了民族音乐学杂志。 新加坡南洋理工毕业论文代写:膜式传声器 The system classifies it into four categories based on the vibrating material of the instrument: aircraft (vibration caused by air, such as flute), tremolo (vibration caused by strings, like a guitar), diaphragm microphone (vibration of animal skin, Such as the vibration of the drum) and the midrange (vibration caused by the instrument itself, such as humming). In 1950, the Dutch musicologist Jaap Kunst coined the term "ethnic musicology", combining two disciplines: musicology (music studies) and ethnology (comparative studies of different cultures). Musicologist Charles Seeger, anthropologist Alan Merriam and others based on this new name, founded the National Musicology Society in 1955 and was founded in 1958. Journal of ethnomusicology....
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英国格拉斯哥大学传播Essay代写:传播和变化

英国学者理查德·道金斯(Richard Dawkins)于1976年在他的《自私的基因》一书中创造了“模因”一词。 道金斯提出了这一概念,并将其作为他的关于进化生物学背景下文化元素如何随时间传播和变化的理论的一部分。 根据道金斯(Dawkins)的观点,模因是文化的一种要素,例如观念,行为或实践,或者是通过模仿从一个人传播到另一个人的风格(比如衣服,还包括艺术,音乐,交流和表演)。 例如,轻舞或“轻拍”就是表演性模因在2016年后期变得突出的一个显着例子。就像生物元素在自然界中是病毒一样,模因也是如此,它在人与人之间经常传播 进化或变异。 英国格拉斯哥大学传播Essay代写:传播和变化 British scholar Richard Dawkins coined the term "meme" in his book "The Selfish Genes" in 1976. Dawkins proposed this concept as part of his theory of how cultural elements spread and change over time in the context of evolutionary biology. According to Dawkins, memes are an element of culture, such as ideas, behaviors or practices, or the ability to spread from one person to another by imitation (such as clothes, art, music, Communication and performance). For example, a light dance or "tap" is a notable example of a performanceal meme that became prominent in late 2016. Just as biological elements are viruses in nature, so are memes, which often spread evolution or variation between people....
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新加坡国立大学政治学论文代写:民主制

尽管民主国家很少互相争斗的说法已被广泛接受,但关于为什么存在所谓的民主和平的共识却很少。 一些批评家认为,实际上是工业革命导致了19世纪和20世纪的和平。 由此产生的繁荣和经济稳定使所有现代化的国家(民主国家和非民主国家)彼此之间的交战要比工业化之前的交战少得多。 现代化引起的几个因素可能比仅民主制对工业化国家产生了更大的反战感。 这些因素包括更高的生活水平,更少的贫困,充分的就业,更多的休闲时间以及消费主义的传播。 现代化的国家不再只是为了生存而需要相互支配。 新加坡国立大学政治学论文代写:民主制 Although the argument that democracies rarely fight each other has been widely accepted, there is little consensus on why so-called democratic peace exists. Some critics believe that the industrial revolution actually led to peace in the 19th and 20th centuries. The resulting prosperity and economic stability have made all modern countries (democratic and non-democratic) fight with each other much less than before industrialization. Several factors caused by modernization may have a greater sense of anti-war than industrialized countries. These factors include a higher standard of living, less poverty, adequate employment, more leisure time and the spread of consumerism. Modern countries no longer need to dominate each other just to survive....
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新加坡管理大学历史学论文代写:尼西亚议会

在整个中世纪时期,只有一个机构接近统一欧洲所有地区,尽管它不是一个政治帝国,而是一个精神政治帝国。这个联盟是天主教会的尝试,它所影响的地缘政治实体被称为“基督教世界”。虽然教会的政治力量和对中世纪欧洲物质文化的影响的确切程度一直并且仍在争论中,但无可否认,它在整个时代对国际事件和个人生活方式产生了重大影响。正因如此,天主教会作为中世纪的决定因素具有有效性。作为西欧最具影响力的宗教,天主教的兴起,建立和最终破裂提供了几个重要的日期,可以作为这个时代的起点和终点。在公元前306年,康斯坦丁被宣布为凯撒,并成为罗马帝国的统治者。在312年,他皈依了基督教,曾经非法的宗教现在变得比其他所有人更受青睐。 (在他去世后,它将成为帝国的官方宗教。)几乎在一夜之间,一个地下邪教成为了“建立”的宗教,迫使曾经激进的基督教哲学家重新思考他们对帝国的态度。 325年,康斯坦丁召集了尼西亚议会,这是天主教会的第一个基督教会议。来自全世界各地的主教的召集是建立有组织的机构的重要一步,这个机构将在未来1200年内产生如此大的影响。这些事件使得325年,或至少在第四世纪初,成为基督教中世纪的可行起点。然而,另一个事件在一些学者的思想中具有同等或更大的重要性:590年加入格雷戈里大帝的教皇宝座。格雷戈里在建立中世纪教皇作为强大的社会政治力量方面发挥了重要作用,许多人认为没有他的努力使天主教会永远不会在中世纪时期取得它所掌握的权力和影响力。 新加坡管理大学历史学论文代写:尼西亚议会 Throughout the Middle Ages, only one institution was close to reunifying all parts of Europe, although it was not a political empire but a spiritual political empire. This alliance is an attempt by the Catholic Church, and the geopolitical entity it affects is called the "Christian World." Although the political power of the church and the exact extent of its influence on medieval European material culture have been and are still being debated, it is undeniable that it has had a major impact on international events and personal lifestyles throughout the age. For this reason, the Catholic Church is effective as a determining factor in the Middle Ages. As the most influential religion in Western Europe, the rise, establishment and eventual rupture of the Catholic Church provided several important dates that could serve as the starting and ending point of this era. In 306 BC, Constantine was declared Caesar and became the ruler of the Roman Empire. In...
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英国历史文学Essay代写:拜占庭帝国

对罗马帝国的研究对于理解中世纪的欧洲非常重要,但即使其“衰落”的日期可以无可辩驳地确定,它作为一个决定性因素的地位也不再具有它曾经拥有的影响力。公元1453年,东罗马帝国在其首都君士坦丁堡入侵土耳其人时落下帷幕。与西方终点不同,这个日期没有争议,尽管拜占庭帝国已经缩小了几个世纪,而且在君士坦丁堡沦陷时,已经超过两百年来仅仅是大城市本身。然而,与拜占庭一样重要的是中世纪研究,将其视为一个决定因素是误导。在其高峰时期,东部帝国包含的现代欧洲比西部帝国更少。此外,虽然拜占庭文明影响了西方文化和政治的进程,但帝国仍然非常谨慎地与在西方发展,失败,融合和交战的动荡不安,充满活力的社会分开。帝国作为中世纪研究的一个明显特征的选择还有另一个重大缺陷:在整个中世纪的过程中,没有真正的帝国在任何相当长的时间内都包含了欧洲的重要部分。查理曼成功地将现代法国和德国的大部分地区联合起来,但他所建立的国家在他去世后仅仅两代就闯入派系。神圣罗马帝国既不称为神圣帝国,也不称为罗马帝国,也不称帝国,其皇帝当然对查理曼所实现的土地没有任何控制权。然而,帝国的沦陷在我们对中世纪的看法中徘徊不前。人们不禁注意到日期476和1453与500和1500的接近程度。 英国历史文学Essay代写:拜占庭帝国 The study of the Roman Empire was very important for understanding the Middle Ages in Europe, but even if the date of its “decline” could be determined indisputably, its status as a decisive factor no longer had the influence it once had. In 1453, the Eastern Roman Empire came to an end when it invaded the Turks in its capital, Constantinople. Unlike the Western end, this date is not controversial, although the Byzantine Empire has been shrinking for centuries, and in the fall of Constantinople, it has been only the big city itself for more than two hundred years. However, as important as Byzantium is medieval research, and it is misleading to regard it as a determining factor. At its peak, the Eastern Empire contained less modern Europe than the Western Empire. Moreover, although Byzantine civilization has influenced the course of Western culture and politics, the empire is still very cautiously separated from the turbulent, dynamic society of development, failure,...
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新加坡物理作业代写: 周期设定

尽管产生图像的不是视觉类型,但有些完全盲的人可能无法以视觉方式感知光线。 证据始于1923年由哈佛大学研究生克莱德·基勒(Clyde Keeler)进行的研究项目。 基勒(Keeler)饲养了一种具有突变的小鼠,其眼睛缺少视网膜感光细胞。 尽管小鼠缺乏视力所需的视杆和视锥,但它们的瞳孔对光有反应,并保持昼夜周期设定的昼夜节律。 八十年后,科学家在小鼠和人眼中发现了称为固有光敏性视网膜神经节细胞(ipRGC)的特殊细胞。 ipRGC位于从视网膜向大脑传导信号的神经上,而不是视网膜本身上。 这些细胞在检测光的同时却不影响视力。 因此,如果一个人至少有一只眼睛可以接收光(无论有没有看见),理论上他或她就可以感知明暗。 新加坡物理作业代写: 周期设定 Although the image is not of a visual type, some completely blind people may not be able to visually perceive light. The evidence began in 1923 with a research project conducted by Harvard University graduate student Clyde Keeler. Keeler raised a mouse with mutations that lacked retinal photoreceptors in the eye. Although mice lack the rods and cones required for vision, their pupils respond to light and maintain the circadian rhythm set by the day and night cycle. Eighty years later, scientists discovered special cells called intrinsic photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGC) in mice and human eyes. ipRGC is located on the nerve that signals from the retina to the brain, not the retina itself. These cells detect light without affecting vision. Therefore, if a person has at least one eye that can receive light (with or without seeing it), he or she can theoretically perceive the light and shade....
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新加坡国立大学环境工程Essay代写:微量元素

海洋中的化学失衡也会导致灭绝事件。 当海洋的中层或上层变得缺氧时,就会发生死亡的连锁反应。 奥陶纪-lur柳纪,泥盆纪晚期,二叠纪-三叠纪和三叠纪-侏罗纪的灭绝都包括缺氧事件。 有时必需的微量元素(例如硒)的含量下降,导致生物大灭绝。 有时,散热孔中的硫酸盐还原细菌会失控,释放出过量的硫化氢,从而削弱臭氧层,使生命暴露于致命的紫外线下。 海洋还经历了周期性的倾覆,高盐度的地表水沉入了深处。 缺氧的深水上升,杀死表面生物。 晚泥盆世和二叠纪-三叠纪的灭绝是与海洋倾覆有关的。 新加坡国立大学环境工程Essay代写:微量元素 Chemical imbalances in the ocean can also lead to extinction events. When the middle or upper layer of the ocean becomes hypoxic, a chain reaction of death occurs. The Ordovician-lur Liuji, late Devonian, Permian-Triassic and Triassic-Jurassic extinctions all included anoxic events. Sometimes the amount of essential trace elements (such as selenium) is reduced, leading to the extinction of the organism. Sometimes, the sulfate-reducing bacteria in the vents are out of control, releasing excess hydrogen sulfide, which weakens the ozone layer and exposes life to deadly ultraviolet light. The ocean also experienced periodic overturning, and high-salinity surface water sank into the depths. Anoxic deep water rises and kills surface organisms. The extinction of the Late Devonian and Permian-Triassic was related to ocean overturning....
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新加坡国立大学市场Essay代写:感官营销

作为一种吸引感官而非逻辑的方法,感官营销可以以传统大众营销无法实现的方式影响人们。 经典的大众营销基于这样的信念,即人们(作为消费者)在面对购买决策时会“理性地”表现。 传统营销假设消费者将系统地考虑具体的产品因素,例如价格,功能和效用。 相比之下,感官营销则试图利用消费者的生活经历和感受。 这些生活经历具有可识别的感觉,情感,认知和行为方面。 感官营销假设人们作为消费者,将根据其情感冲动而不是根据客观推理来采取行动。 通过这种方式,有效的感官营销活动可能会导致消费者选择购买某种产品,而不是同等但更便宜的选择。 新加坡国立大学市场Essay代写:感官营销 As a way to appeal to the senses rather than the logic, sensory marketing can influence people in ways that traditional mass marketing cannot achieve. Classical mass marketing is based on the belief that people (as consumers) behave "rationally" in the face of purchasing decisions. Traditional marketing assumes that consumers will systematically consider specific product factors such as price, functionality and utility. In contrast, sensory marketing attempts to take advantage of consumers' life experiences and feelings. These life experiences have identifiable feelings, emotions, cognition and behavioral aspects. Sensory marketing assumes that people, as consumers, will act on their emotional impulses rather than on objective reasoning. In this way, effective sensory marketing campaigns may result in consumers choosing to buy a product rather than an equivalent but cheaper option....
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