普遍基本收入是一项备受争议的提案,根据该提案,政府向每个公民提供定期的永久性现金支付,旨在使每个人摆脱贫困,鼓励他们参与经济并支付他们最基本的需求,包括食品,住房和服装。换句话说,每个人都得到薪水 – 无论他们是否工作。设定普遍基本收入的想法已经存在了几个世纪,但仍然在很大程度上是实验性的。普遍基本收入有很多变化。这些建议中最基本的建议只是取代社会保障,失业补偿和公共援助方案,为每个公民提供基本收入。美国基本收入保障网络支持这样一项计划,指出试图迫使美国人加入劳动力队伍以消除贫困的方法尚未证明是成功的。普通基本收入的更复杂版本将为每个美国成年人提供大约相同的每月付款,但也需要将大约四分之一的资金用于医疗保险。它还将对超过30,000美元的任何其他收入征收普遍基本收入的分税。该计划将通过取消社会保障和医疗保险等公共援助计划和权利计划来支付。 “一些估计表明,全年大约有10%全职工作的人生活在贫困之中。它的计划将为每个美国人提供”满足他们最基本需求所必需的收入“,无论他们是否工作,系统被描述为“有效,有效和公平的贫困解决方案,促进个人自由,并使市场经济的有益方面落实到位。”努力工作和蓬勃发展的经济并没有接近消除贫困。基本收入保障可以消除贫困,“该集团表示。加拿大,德国,瑞士和芬兰已经启动了普遍基本收入变化的试验。随着技术的出现,它在一些经济学家,社会学家和技术行业领导者中获得了一些动力,这使得工厂和企业能够实现货物制造的自动化并减少人力劳动力的规模。

美国俄亥俄州经济学论文代写:普遍的基本收入

Universal basic income is a controversial proposal under which the government provides regular, permanent cash payments to each citizen with the intent of lifting everyone out of poverty, encouraging their participation in the economy and covering the costs of their most fundamental needs including food, housing and clothing. Everyone, in other words, gets a paycheck – whether they work or not. The idea of setting a universal basic income has been around for centuries but remains largely experimental. There are many variations of the universal basic income. The most basic of these proposals would merely replace Social Security, unemployment compensation and public-assistance programs with a basic income for every citizen. The U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network supports such a plan, stating that the system of trying to force Americans into the workforce as a way of eliminating poverty has not proven successful. A more complicated version of the universal basic income would provide about the same monthly payment to every American adult, but it would also require that about a quarter of the money be spent on health care insurance. It would also impose graduated taxes on the universal basic income for any other earnings over $30,000. The program would be paid for by eliminating public-assistance programs and entitlement programs such as Social Security and Medicare. “Some estimates show that approximately 10 percent of people who work full time all year around live in poverty. Its plan would provide a level of income “necessary to meet their most basic needs” to every American, regardless of whether they worked, in a system is describes as an “efficient, effective, and equitable solution to poverty that promotes individual freedom and leaves the beneficial aspects of a market economy in place.” Hard work and a booming economy have not comes close to eliminating poverty. A universal program like the basic income guarantee could eliminate poverty,” the group states. Canada, Germany, Switzerland and Finland have launched trials of universal basic income variations. It gained some momentum among some economists, sociologists and tech industry leaders with the advent of technology that allowed factories and businesses to automate the manufacturing of goods and to reduce the size of their human workforces.

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