“非常有趣的是,Jespersen(1922:392-442)非常详细地预测了这些关于语言和音乐以及语言和舞蹈的共性的现代观点。在他关于语言起源的猜测中,他的观点是,一方面说唱语言之前必须先唱歌,一方面是满足性(或爱)需要的功能,另一方面是协调集体工作的需要。反过来,他们的起源是[查尔斯]达尔文1871年的着作“人类的下降”:我们可以从一个广泛传播的类比中得出结论,这种权力在性别求爱期间特别强调,用于表达各种情感。通过清晰的音乐呐喊声模仿可能会产生表达各种复杂情感的词语。上面提到的现代学者同意拒绝众所周知的场景,根据这种场景,语言起源于一个系统单音节咕噜声的声音,具有指向事物的(指称)功能。相反,他们提出了一个场景,根据这个场景,参考意义被慢慢嫁接在几乎自主的悠扬声音上。“(Esa Itkonen,类比结构和过程:语言学方法,认知心理学和科学哲学。约翰本杰明斯,2005)”今天,关于语言起源问题的意见仍然存在很大分歧。一方面,有些人认为语言是如此复杂,并且在人类条件中根深蒂固,它必须在很长一段时间内缓慢发展。事实上,有些人认为它的根源可以追溯到Homo habilis,这是一种生活在非洲的小脑袋原始人,距离两百万年前不远。另一方面,像罗伯特贝里克和[诺姆]乔姆斯基这样的人认为人类最近在一次突然的事件中获得了语言。除了不同的灭绝原始人种被视为语言缓慢进化轨迹的开创者之外,没有人处于这个中间。 “这种深刻的观点二分法能够持续存在(不仅在语言学家之间,而且在古人类学家,考古学家,认知科学家和其他人之间)只要有人记得,就是由于一个简单的事实:至少直到最近写作系统的出现,语言在任何持久的记录中都没有留下痕迹。是否有任何早期人类拥有语言或不具备语言,必须从间接代理指标中推断出来。并且观点在可接受的问题上存在很大差异。代理。”

新加坡管理大学Essay代写:语言学方法

“Very interestingly, Jespersen (1922:392-442) predicted these modern views on language and music as well as the commonalities of language and dance in great detail. In his speculation about the origin of language, his view is that on the one hand Before singing a vocal language, you must sing first, on the one hand, to satisfy the needs of sex (or love), and on the other hand, to coordinate the needs of collective work. In turn, their origin is [Charles] Darwin’s 1871 work “Human decline “: We can draw conclusions from a widely disseminated analogy that is particularly emphasized during gender courtship and is used to express emotions. Imitation through clear music shouts may produce words that express complex emotions. The modern scholars mentioned above agree to reject well-known scenes. According to this scenario, the language originates from the sound of a system monosyllabic hum, with the function of pointing to things. Instead, they propose a scene according to this scene. The reference meaning is slowly grafted on the almost autonomous melodious voice. “(Esa Itkonen, analog structure And processes: linguistic methods, cognitive psychology, and philosophy of science. John Benjamins, 2005) “Today, opinions on the origin of language still have great differences. On the one hand, some people think that language is so complex and in humans. The conditions are deep-rooted and it must develop slowly over a long period of time. In fact, some people think that its roots can be traced back to Homo habilis, a small-headed primitive living in Africa, not two million years ago. On the other hand, people like Robert Berwick and [Nome] Chomsky believe that humans have recently acquired language in a sudden incident. In addition to the different extinctions, the primitive race is seen as a slow evolutionary trajectory. No one is in the middle of the founder. “This profound view dichotomy can persist (not only among linguists, but also by ancient anthropologists, archaeologists, cognitive scientists, and others). As long as someone remembers, it is due to a simple fact: at least until the recent emergence of the writing system, the language is in any lasting record. No traces left. Whether any early humans have or do not have language must be inferred from the indirect proxy indicator. And the views differ greatly in the acceptable issues. proxy. ”

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