那么,什么是性?我们大多数人都被教导只有两种生理性别,男性和女性。在您第一次呼吸后不久,医生很可能会检查您,并为您指定这两种性别中的一种。然而,对于双性人,也被称为性发育差异的人,男性和女性的类别不一定适合。在考虑性发育差异的人时,研究人员认为,有多达五到七种常见的生理性别,并且性别实际上存在于具有许多不同变化的连续体中。据估计,多达1.7%的人口存在性别分化的差异。这比你想象的要常见得多!但是,我们如何才能使性别合格?同样,这是一个棘手的主题,甚至科学家似乎也不能完全同意。你的性别是由你的生殖器决定的吗?你的染色体?你的主要性激素?它是三者的组合吗?对于性发育不同的人,生殖器,染色体和主要性激素可能与男性或女性的“正常”不同。例如,患有Kleinfelter综合症的人通常在出生时被分配为男性,但是具有XXY染色体并且可能具有低睾酮水平和其他物理变化,例如宽臀部和扩大的胸部组织。事实上,双性人有明显的需求,男性和女性的类别根本没有用。跨性别者,或者在出生时被指定与性别认同不一致的人,也会质疑生物性别的类别。对于那些选择通过激素替代疗法使睾丸激素或雌激素成为主要激素而进行身体转变的变性人,通过胸部或生殖器确认手术,或两者兼而有之,这些生理性行为的标记可能不再像我们一样排队被教导期待。

新加坡管理大学社会学Essay代写:性别解释

So, what is sex? Most of us are taught that there are only two biological sexes, male and female. Shortly after your first breath, a doctor most likely examined you and assigned you one of those two sexes. However, for intersex people, also referred to as people with differences of sexual development, the categories of male and female don’t necessarily fit. In considering people with differences of sexual development, researchers have argued that there are as many as five to seven common biological sexes and that sex actually exists along a continuum with many different variations. Estimates suggest that as much as 1.7 percent of the population has some variation of sexual differentiation. It’s much more common than you might think! But, how do we qualify sex? Again, it’s a tricky subject that even scientists can’t seem to quite agree on. Is your sex determined by your genitals? By your chromosomes? By your predominant sex hormones? Is it a combination of the three? For folks with differences of sexual development, genitals, chromosomes, and predominant sex hormones can vary from what is considered “normal” for males or females. For example, people with Kleinfelter Syndrome are often assigned male at birth, but have XXY chromosomes and may have low testosterone levels and other physical variations such as wide hips and enlarged chest tissue. Indeed, intersex folks have distinct needs for which the categories of male and female simply aren’t useful. Transgender people, or folks who were assigned a sex at birth that doesn’t align with their gender identity, also call into question the category of biological sex. For those transgender people who have chosen to pursue physical transition by taking hormone replacement therapy to make testosterone or estrogen their predominant hormone, by having chest or genital confirmation surgery, or both, these markers of biological sex again may not line up as we’ve been taught to expect.

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