亨利·莫顿·斯坦利(Henry Morton Stanley)是一位19世纪探险家的经典典范,今天他最为人所知的是他对一位在非洲野外寻找的男人的出色随意的问候:“博士利文斯通,我猜想?“ 在以非洲探险队闻名之前,他发现了自己作为报纸记者的第一次打电话。斯坦利不寻常生活的现实有时令人吃惊。他出生在威尔士一个非常贫穷的家庭,前往美国,改名,并以某种方式设法在内战的双方战斗。当美国内战爆发时,斯坦利在被捕并最终加入联盟事业之前就在南方邦联战斗。他最近在一艘美国海军舰船上服役并写下了已发表的战斗记录,从而开始了他的新闻事业。战争结束后,斯坦利获得了由詹姆斯·戈登·贝内特创办的“纽约先驱报”的报道。他被派去报道英国对阿比西尼亚(今埃塞俄比亚)的军事远征,并成功地发回了详细说明冲突的派遣。 1869年亨利莫顿斯坦利获得了寻找利文斯通的任务。他最终于1871年初抵达非洲东海岸,组织了一次探险前往内陆。没有实际经验,他不得不依赖阿拉伯奴隶贩子的建议和明显的帮助。斯坦利残忍地把他们推到了他身边,有时鞭打黑人搬运工。在经历了疾病和悲惨的环境之后,斯坦利终于在1871年11月10日在乌兹吉,现今坦桑尼亚遇到了利文斯通。斯坦利于1841年出生于约翰罗兰兹,出生于威尔士的一个贫困家庭。五岁时,他被送到一间工作室,一间维多利亚时代臭名昭着的孤儿院。在他十几岁的时候,斯坦利从他艰难的童年中脱颖而出,拥有相当好的实践教育,强烈的宗教感情和狂热的证明自己的愿望。为了到达美国,他在开往新奥尔良的船上接受了一个小屋男孩的工作。在密西西比河河口的城市降落后,他找到了一份为棉花贸易商工作的工作,并取了这个男人的姓氏,斯坦利。公众对一位名叫戴维·利文斯通的苏格兰传教士和探险家着迷。 “纽约先驱报”的编辑和出版人詹姆斯·戈登·贝内特意识到这将是一个发布政变,找到利文斯通,并将任务交给勇敢的斯坦利。多年来,利文斯通一直在远征非洲,将信息带回英国。 1866年,利文斯通返回非洲,意图寻找尼罗河的源头,尼罗河是非洲最长的河流。几年过去了,没有来自利文斯通的消息,公众开始害怕他已经死亡。

新加坡国立大学历史学Essay代写:Henry Morton Stanley

Henry Morton Stanley was a classic example of a 19th-century explorer, and he is best remembered today for his brilliantly casual greeting to a man he had spent months searching for in the wilds of Africa: “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”  He found his first calling as a newspaper reporter before becoming known for his African expeditions. The reality of Stanley’s unusual life is at times startling. He was born to a very poor family in Wales, made his way to America, changed his name, and somehow managed to fight on both sides of the Civil War. When the American Civil War broke out, Stanley fought on the Confederate side before being captured and eventually joining the Union cause. He wound up serving aboard a U.S. Navy ship and wrote accounts of battles that were published, thus beginning his journalism career. After the war, Stanley got a position writing for the New York Herald, a newspaper founded by James Gordon Bennett. He was dispatched to cover a British military expedition to Abyssinia (present day Ethiopia), and successfully sent back dispatches detailing the conflict. In 1869 Henry Morton Stanley was given the assignment to find Livingstone. He eventually arrived on the east coast of Africa in early 1871 and organized an expedition to head inland. Having no practical experience, he had to rely on the advice and apparent assistance of Arab slave traders. Stanley pushed the men with him brutally, at times whipping the black porters. After enduring illnesses and harrowing conditions, Stanley finally encountered Livingstone at Ujiji, in present day Tanzania, on November 10, 1871. Stanley was born in 1841 as John Rowlands, to an impoverished family in Wales. At the age of five he was sent to a workhouse, a notorious orphanage of the Victorian era. In his teens, Stanley emerged from his difficult childhood with a reasonably good practical education, strong religious feelings, and a fanatical desire to prove himself. To get to America, he took a job as a cabin boy on a ship bound for New Orleans. After landing in the city at the mouth of the Mississippi River, he found a job working for a cotton trader, and took the man’s last name, Stanley. The public held a fascination for a Scottish missionary and explorer named David Livingstone. The New York Herald’s editor and publisher James Gordon Bennett realized it would be a publishing coup to find Livingstone, and gave the assignment to the intrepid Stanley. For many years Livingstone had been leading expeditions into Africa, bringing back information to Britain. In 1866 Livingstone had returned to Africa, intent on finding the source of the Nile, Africa’s longest river. After several years passed with no word from Livingstone, the public began to fear that he had perished.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注