1985年，苏联最后一任领导人米哈伊尔·戈尔巴乔夫（Mikhail Gorbachev）上台执政，准备推出两项全面的改革政策：改革和革命。在改革之下，苏联将采用类似于现代中国的混合共产主义 – 资本主义经济体制。虽然政府仍在计划经济发展方向，但政治局允许像供需这样的自由市场力量决定一些关于生产多少产品的决定。随着经济改革，戈尔巴乔夫的改革旨在将新的，年轻的声音吸引到共产党的精英圈子中，最终导致苏维埃政府的自由民主选举。然而，虽然改革后的选举让选民可以选择候选人，包括非共产主义者，但共产党继续主导政治体制。 Glasnost旨在消除苏联人民日常生活中几十年来的局限。言论，新闻和宗教自由得到恢复，数百名前持不同政见者被释放出狱。从本质上讲，戈尔巴乔夫的政策承诺向苏联人民发出声音并表达自由，他们很快就会这样做。
In 1985, the last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, came to power and was preparing to launch two comprehensive reform policies: reform and revolution. Under the reform, the Soviet Union will adopt a mixed communist-capitalist economic system similar to modern China. Although the government is still planning the direction of economic development, the Politburo allows free market forces like supply and demand to decide on how many products to produce. With economic reforms, Gorbachev’s reforms aimed to attract new, young voices to the elite circle of the Communist Party, which ultimately led to the free and democratic election of the Soviet government. However, although the reformed elections allow voters to choose candidates, including non-communists, the Communist Party continues to dominate the political system. Glasnost aims to eliminate the limitations of the Soviet people’s daily lives in the past few decades. Remarks, freedom of the press and religion were restored, and hundreds of former dissidents were released from prison. In essence, Gorbachev’s policy promises to voice and express freedom to the people of the Soviet Union, and they will do so soon.