1875年的“民权法案”是在内战后重建时期颁布的美国联邦法律,该法律保障非洲裔美国人平等享有公共住宿和公共交通。该法案发布不到十年之后,1866年“民权法案”在内战后采取了国家迈向黑人美国民事和社会平等的第一步。该法律部分内容如下:“……美国管辖范围内的所有人均有权充分和平等地享受旅馆的住宿,优惠,设施和特权,陆地或水上的公共交通工具,剧院和其他公共娱乐场所;仅受法律规定的条件和限制的约束,并且适用于每个种族和肤色的公民,不论以前是否有任何奴役条件。“法律还禁止将任何其他合格公民排除在陪审团之外,因为他们的种族和只要法律规定的诉讼必须在联邦法院而不是州法院审理。该法律于1875年2月4日由第43届美国国会通过,并于1875年3月1日由尤利塞斯·格兰特总统签署成为法律。后来美国最高法院在民权案件中将部分法律裁定为违宪1875年的“民权法案”是内战后国会通过的重建立法的主要内容之一。其他颁布的法律包括1866年的“民权法案”,1867年和1868年颁布的四项重建法案,以及1870年和1871年的三项重建执法法案。

新加坡国立大学法律学Assignment代写: 关于1875年的美国民权法案

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was a United States federal law enacted during the post-Civil War Reconstruction Era that guaranteed African Americans equal access to public accommodations and public transportation. The Act came less than a decade after the Civil Rights Act of 1866 had taken the nation’s first steps towards civil and social equality for black Americans after the Civil War. The law read, in part: “… all persons within the jurisdiction of the United States shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, public conveyances on land or water, theaters, and other places of public amusement; subject only to the conditions and limitations established by law, and applicable alike to citizens of every race and color, regardless of any previous condition of servitude.” The law also prohibited the exclusion of any otherwise qualified citizen from jury duty because of their race and provided that lawsuits brought under the law must be tried in the federal courts, rather than state courts. The law was passed by the 43rd United States Congress on February 4, 1875, and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1875. Parts of the law were later ruled unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court in the Civil Rights Cases of 1883. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was one of the main pieces of Reconstruction legislation passed by Congress after the Civil War. Other laws enacted included the Civil Rights Act of 1866, four Reconstruction Acts enacted in 1867 and 1868, and three Reconstruction Enforcement Acts in 1870 and 1871.

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