新加坡国立大学统计学论文代写:突破性的成就

本地西雅图乐队在几周内取得了突破性的成就 - 数百万流,许多,许多下载和十万张专辑。乐队开始巡回演出并响应需求,票价开始攀升。但现在出现了一些有趣的事情:随着门票价格的上涨,观众变得越来越小 - 到目前为止没有问题,因为正在发生的事情是乐队正在播放较小的场地,但票价大幅提高 - 仍然是一场胜利。但随后,乐队的管理层发现了一个问题。随着观众人数越来越少,所有那些高标记收藏品的销售量也越来越高 - 乐队T恤,咖啡杯,相册等:“merch”。我们的西雅图乐队的门票价格增加了一倍以上,价格为60.00美元,而且每个场地的门票价格仍然只有一半左右。到目前为止一切都那么好:500张门票60美元,比1000张门票多25美元。然而,该乐队的平均销售额平均为35美元。现在这个等式看起来有点不同:500 tix x $(60.00 + $ 35.00)小于1,000 tix x($ 25.00 + 35)。价格较高的门票销售下降造成了商品销售的比例下降。这两种产品是互补的。随着乐队门票的价格上涨,对乐队商品的需求下降。 您可以按如下方式计算交叉价格需求弹性(CPoD):CPEoD =(商品A的数量需求变化百分比)÷(商品A的价格变化百分比) 新加坡国立大学统计学论文代写:突破性的成就 The local Seattle band achieved breakthrough achievements in a few weeks - millions of streams, many, many downloads and 100,000 albums. The band began to tour and responded to demand, and the fare began to climb. But now there are some interesting things: as the ticket price rises, the audience gets smaller and smaller - so far there is no problem, because what is happening is that the band is playing a smaller venue, but the fare is greatly improved - Still a victory. But then, the management of the band found a problem. With fewer and fewer viewers, all of the high-flag collections are getting more and more sales - band T-shirts, coffee cups, photo albums, etc.: "merch". The ticket price for our Seattle band has more than doubled, the price is $60.00, and the ticket price for each...
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新加坡国立大学化学Essay代写:放射性碳

科学术语“cal BP”是“现在之前校准的年份”或“现在之前的日历年”的缩写,这是指考古学家在放射性碳曲线中发现产生可用年代的摆动的事实。对曲线的调整以校正摆动(“摆动”实际上是研究人员使用的科学术语)被称为校准。 cal BP,cal BCE和cal CE(以及cal BC和cal AD)的名称都表示所提到的放射性碳日期已经过校准以解释那些摆动;未调整的日期被指定为RCYBP“现在之前的放射性碳年”。放射性碳测年是科学家们可以使用的最着名的考古约会工具之一,大多数人至少听说过它。但是关于放射性碳如何工作以及它的技术可靠性存在很多误解;本文将尝试清除它们。所有生物都将气体碳14(缩写为C14,14C,最常见的是14C)与它们周围的大气交换 - 动物和植物将碳14与大气交换,鱼和珊瑚在水中与溶解的14C交换碳。在动物或植物的整个生命周期中,14C的量与其周围环境的量完全平衡。当有机体死亡时,这种平衡就会被打破。死亡生物中的14C以已知的速度慢慢衰变:它的“半衰期”。像14C这样的同位素的半衰期是其中一半衰变所需的时间:在14C,每5,730年,其中一半消失了。因此,如果你测量死亡生物体中14C的含量,你可以计算出它停止与大气交换碳的时间。鉴于相对原始的情况,放射性碳实验室可以在长达5万年前准确测量死亡生物体中的放射性碳量;在此之后,还没有足够的14C来衡量。 新加坡国立大学化学Essay代写:放射性碳 The scientific term "cal BP" is an abbreviation for "the year before calibration" or "the calendar year before now", which refers to the fact that archaeologists have found a swing in the radiocarbon curve that produces usable age. The adjustment of the curve to correct the wobble ("swing" is actually the scientific term used by the researcher) is called calibration. The names of cal BP, cal BCE and cal CE (and cal BC and cal AD) indicate that the radiocarbon dates mentioned have been calibrated to account for those swings; the unadjusted date is designated as RCYBP “now the radiocarbon year before ". Radiocarbon dating is one of the most famous archaeological dating tools available to scientists, and most people have heard of it at least. But there are many misconceptions about how radiocarbon works and its technical reliability; this article will try to clean them up. All organisms exchange gaseous...
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新加坡管理大学社会学论文代写:食物来源

Middens有时是其他形式行为的间接证据来源。例如,考古学家Todd Braje和Jon Erlandson(2007)对海峡群岛的鲍鱼进行了比较,比较了历史时期中国渔民收集的黑鲍鱼和古代时期Chumash渔民在6400年前采集的红鲍鱼。比较突出了相同行为的不同目的:Chumash专门收获和加工各种食用食品,重点是鲍鱼;而中国人只对鲍鱼感兴趣。由考古学家Amira Ainis(2014)领导的另一项海峡岛研究寻找使用海藻的证据。像海带这样的海藻对史前人非常有用,用于制作绳索,蚊帐,垫子和篮筐,以及用于蒸制食物的可食用包装 - 事实上,它们是海带公路假设的基础,被认为是美洲第一批殖民者的主要食物来源。不幸的是,海带不能很好地保存。这些研究人员在midden发现了一些微小的腹足动物,这些腹足动物以海带为生,并利用它们来支持海藻被捕获的论点。位于格陵兰西部Qajaa遗址的Paleo-Eskimo midden由永久冻土保存。由考古学家Bo Elberling及其同事(2011年)对其进行的研究表明,就热量特性(如热量产生,氧气消耗和一氧化碳产生)而言,Qajaa厨房中间产生的热量是泥炭中天然沉积物的四到七倍。 新加坡管理大学社会学论文代写:食物来源 Middens is sometimes a source of indirect evidence of other forms of behavior. For example, archaeologists Todd Braje and Jon Erlandson (2007) compared the abalones of the Channel Islands, comparing the black abalone collected by Chinese fishermen during the historical period with the red abalone collected by the Chumash fishermen of ancient times 6400 years ago. The different purposes of the same behavior are highlighted: Chumash specializes in harvesting and processing a variety of foods, with a focus on abalone; the Chinese are only interested in abalone. Another Channel Island study led by archaeologist Amira Ainis (2014) sought evidence of the use of seaweed. Seaweeds like kelp are very useful for prehistoric people, making ropes, mosquito nets, mats and baskets, and edible packaging for steaming foods - in fact, they are the basis of the kelp road hypothesis and are considered to be the Americas The main source of food for a group...
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英国杜伦大学环境论文代写:垃圾填埋场

Middens可以在家庭层面创建,在社区或社区内共享,甚至可以与特定事件相关联,例如盛宴。 Middens有不同的形状和大小。尺寸反映了使用特定midden的时间长度,以及存储在其中的材料的百分比是有机物还是衰变物,而非有机物质则不然。在历史悠久的农庄中,沉积物存在于称为“片状物”的薄层中,这是农民为鸡或其他农场动物扔掉残渣的结果。但它们也可能是巨大的。现代的middens被称为“垃圾填埋场”,在今天的许多地方,有一群清道夫将垃圾填埋场用于回收可再生商品(参见Martinez 2010)。考古学家喜欢middens,因为它们包含来自各种文化行为的残骸。 Middens持有食物残留物 - 包括花粉和植物石,以及食物本身 - 以及含有它们的陶器或平底锅。它们包括疲惫的石头和金属工具;有机物质,包括适用于放射性碳测年的木炭;有时埋葬和仪式行为的证据。民族考古学家Ian McNiven(2013)发现Torres Islanders在节日之外有明显独立的midden区域,并用它们作为参考点来讲述他们回忆起的过去派对的故事。在某些情况下,midden环境可以很好地保存有机材料,如木材,篮筐和植物食品。 midden可以让考古学家重建过去的人类行为,特别是相对地位和财富以及生存行为等。一个人扔掉的东西反映了他们吃什么和不吃什么。路易莎·达格斯及其同事(2018年)只是众多研究人员中的最新成员,他们使用middens来识别和研究气候变化的影响。 英国杜伦大学环境论文代写:垃圾填埋场 Middens can be created at the household level, shared within a community or community, and even associated with specific events, such as feasts. Middens come in different shapes and sizes. The size reflects the length of time that a particular midden is used, and whether the percentage of material stored in it is organic or decay, but not organic matter. In historic farms, sediments are found in thin layers called “sheets”, which are the result of farmers throwing away debris for chickens or other farm animals. But they can also be huge. Modern middens are known as “landfills” and in many places today a group of scavengers use landfills to recycle renewable commodities (see Martinez 2010). Archaeologists like middens because they contain wreckage from a variety of cultural behaviors. Middens holds food residues - including pollen and plant stones, as well as the food itself - as well as pottery...
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新加坡国立大学反思报告代写:考古术语

midden(或厨房midden)是垃圾或垃圾堆的考古术语。 Middens是一种考古特征,由深色土和浓缩文物的局部斑块组成,这些碎片是故意丢弃垃圾,食物残渣和家用材料,如破碎和疲惫的工具和陶器。人类生活或生活的地方都到处都是沉淀物,考古学家喜欢它们。厨房midden这个名字来自丹麦语køkkenmødding(厨房土墩),最初专门提到丹麦沿海的中石器时代的土墩。贝壳沙丘主要由软体动物的贝壳组成,是19世纪考古学开创性研究中首批非建筑特征之一。 “midden”这个名字因这些信息丰富的存款而被困,现在全球范围内用它来指代各种垃圾堆。 Middens过去有多种用途,但仍然有。在最基本的地方,middens是放置垃圾的地方,不受正常交通的影响,远离正常的视觉和嗅觉。但它们也是可回收物品的储存设施;它们可以用于人类埋葬;它们可以用于建筑材料;它们可以用来喂养动物,它们可以成为仪式行为的焦点。一些有机中间体充当堆肥堆,改善了一个地区的土壤。 Susan Cook-Patton及其同事对美国大西洋沿岸的切萨皮克湾贝壳沙丘进行了一项研究,发现中间层的存在显着增强了当地的土壤养分,尤其是氮,钙,钾和锰,并增加了土壤的碱度。这些积极的改善至少持续了3000年。 新加坡国立大学反思报告代写:考古术语 Midden (or kitchen midden) is an archaeological term for rubbish or rubbish. Middens is an archaeological feature consisting of local patches of dark soil and concentrated artifacts that deliberately discard litter, food debris and household materials such as broken and worn tools and pottery. The places where human beings live or live are full of sediments, and archaeologists like them. The name of the kitchen midden comes from the Danish køkkenmødding (kitchen mound), which originally referred to the Middle Stone Age mounds along the Danish coast. The shell dunes are mainly composed of mollusk shells and are one of the first non-architectural features in the 19th century archaeological pioneering research. The name "midden" was trapped by these informative deposits and is now used worldwide to refer to various dumps. Middens used to have multiple uses in the past, but still there. In the most basic places, middens is the place to place garbage, not affected...
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澳大利亚新南威尔士大学Essay代写:合并原则

在着名的异议中,法官布兰迪斯和福尔摩斯支持吉托洛。他们没有发现“刑事无政府状态法”违宪,而是认为它被不正当地适用。法官们认为,法院应该支持申克诉美国的裁决,并且他们无法证明吉特洛的小册子造成了“明显而现实的危险”。事实上,大法官认为:“每个想法都是煽动[...] 。舆论的表达与狭义上的煽动之间的唯一区别在于说话者对结果的热情。“Gitlow的行为未达到申克所设的门槛,异议者认为,因此他的讲话不应该有被压制了。该判决具有开创性,原因有几个。通过发现人权法案适用于各州而不仅仅是联邦政府,它推翻了之前的案例,巴伦巴尔的摩。这一决定后来被称为“合并原则”或“合并原则”。它为将在未来几十年重塑美国文化的民权主张奠定了基础。关于言论自由,法院后来改变了其Gitlow的立场。在20世纪30年代,最高法院越来越难以压制言论。然而,像20世纪60年代末期一样,犯罪无政府状态法一直被用作抑制某些政治言论的方法。 澳大利亚新南威尔士大学Essay代写:合并原则 In the famous objection, Judge Brandeis and Holmes supported Gitolo. They did not find the "criminal anarchy law" unconstitutional, but thought it was improperly applied. The judges believe that the court should support Schenk v. the US ruling, and they cannot prove that Gitlow's booklet created "obvious and realistic danger." In fact, the Chancellor believes: “Every idea is instigating [...]. The only difference between the expression of public opinion and the instinctive instigation is the speaker’s enthusiasm for the outcome. “Gitlow’s behavior did not reach Schenk’s The threshold set, the dissident believes, so his speech should not be suppressed. The decision is groundbreaking for several reasons. By discovering that the Bill of Rights applies to states rather than just the federal government, it overturns the previous case, Balen Baltimore. This decision was later called the “merger principle” or the “merger principle”. It lays the foundation for a civil rights claim that will reshape American culture in the coming decades....
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英国华威大学论文代写:刑事无政府主义法

吉特洛的律师认为,“刑事无政府主义法”违宪。他们断言,根据第十四修正案的正当程序条款,各州无法制定违反第一修正案保护的法律。根据Gitlow的律师的说法,“刑事无政府状态法”违宪地压制了Gitlow的言论自由权。此外,他们认为,根据申克诉美国案,该州需要证明这些小册子为美国政府制造了“明确而现实的危险”,以压制言论。吉特洛的小册子没有造成伤害,暴力或推翻政府。纽约州的律师辩称,国家有权禁止威胁言论。 Gitlow的小册子主张暴力,为了安全起见,国家可以在宪法上压制它们。纽约律师还辩称,最高法院不应干涉国家事务,声称美国宪法第一修正案应该只是联邦制的一部分,因为纽约州宪法充分保护了Gitlow的权利。法官爱德华桑福德于1925年发表了法院的意见。法院认定,刑事无政府状态法是宪法性的,因为国家有权保护其公民免受暴力侵害。在压制宣传暴力的言论之前,不能指望纽约等待暴力事件爆发。桑福德法官写道,“直接的危险就是现实和实质的,因为某一话语的效果无法准确预见。”因此,小册子没有发生实际暴力这一事实与大法官无关。 。法院利用以前的两个案例,Schenck诉美国案和艾布拉姆斯诉美国案,证明第一修正案并非绝对保护言论自由。如果政府能够证明这些词语产生了“明显且存在的危险”,那么在Schenck的言论可能是有限的。在Gitlow,法院部分推翻了申克,因为大法官没有遵守“明确和现在的危险”测试。相反,他们认为一个人只需要表现出抑制言语的“坏倾向”。法院还发现,“权利法案”第一修正案旨在适用于州法律和联邦法律。第十四修正案的正当程序条款规定,任何国家都不能通过剥夺任何人的生命,自由或财产的法律。法院将“自由”解释为“权利法案”(言论,宗教信仰等)中列出的自由。因此,通过第十四修正案,各州必须尊重第一修正案的言论自由权。桑福德大法官的意见解释说:“就目前而言,我们可以并且确实假设言论自由和新闻自由 - 受第一修正案保护免受国会罢免 - 属于正当程序保护的基本个人权利和”自由“。第十四修正案的条款,由各国减损。 英国华威大学论文代写:刑事无政府主义法 Gitlow’s lawyers believe that the “criminal anarchist law” is unconstitutional. They asserted that under the due process provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment, states were unable to enact laws that violated the protection of the First Amendment. According to Gitlow's lawyer, the Criminal Anarchy Act unconstitutionalally suppresses Gitlow's right to freedom of expression. In addition, they believe that according to Schenck v. United States, the state needs to prove that these pamphlets have created “clear and realistic dangers” for the US government to suppress speech. Gitlow's pamphlet did not cause harm, violence or overthrow the government. New York State lawyers argue that the state has the right to ban threatening speech. Gitlow's booklet advocates violence, and for security reasons, the state can suppress them constitutionally. New York lawyers also argued that the Supreme Court should not interfere in state affairs, claiming that the First Amendment to the US Constitution should be only part of the...
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新加坡国立大学教育Essay代写:艺术项目

Mischel及其同事之间的关系发现,儿童时期的延迟满足和未来的学业成就引起了极大的关注。结果,棉花糖测试成为历史上最着名的心理学实验之一。然而,最近的研究使用了棉花糖测试的基本范例来确定Mischel的研究结果在不同情况下如何得以保持。 2013年,Celeste Kidd,Holly Palmeri和Richard Aslin发表了一项研究,为延迟满足是儿童自我控制水平的结果增添了新的皱纹。在这项研究中,每个孩子都准备相信环境要么可靠,要么不可靠。在这两种情况下,在进行棉花糖测试之前,儿童参与者被给予了一个艺术项目。在不可靠的情况下,孩子被提供了一套用过的蜡笔,并告诉他们,如果他们等待,研究人员会给他们一个更大,更新的套装。两分半钟后,研究人员将空手而归。然后,研究人员将用一组贴纸重复这一系列事件。处于可靠状态的孩子经历了相同的设置,但在这种情况下,研究人员带着承诺的艺术品回来。 新加坡国立大学教育Essay代写:艺术项目 The relationship between Mischel and his colleagues found that delays in childhood and future academic achievement have caused great concern. As a result, the test of cotton candy has become one of the most famous psychological experiments in history. However, recent research has used a basic paradigm of cotton candy testing to determine how Mischel's findings can be maintained in different situations. In 2013, Celeste Kidd, Holly Palmeri and Richard Aslin published a study that added new wrinkles to the results of delayed self-control. In this study, each child is prepared to believe that the environment is either reliable or unreliable. In both cases, the child participant was given an art project before the marshmallow test. In the unreliable case, the child was provided with a set of used crayons and told them that if they waited, the researchers would give them a larger, updated suit. After two and a half minutes, the researchers will return...
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新加披国立大学社会学作业代写:授权的移民

虽然出生公民身份的法律概念在法庭上经受了多年的挑战,但其自动给予无证移民子女美国公民身份的政策在公众舆论法庭上并未表现出色。 例如,皮尤研究中心2015年的一项调查发现,共有53%的共和党人,23%的民主党人和42%的美国人总体上赞成改变宪法,禁止在美国出生的儿童获得无证移民父母的公民身份。 许多与生俱来的公民身份的反对者认为,它鼓励准父母来美国生育,以提高他们获得合法居民(绿卡)身份的机会 - 这种做法通常被称为“出生旅游”。 西班牙裔美国人中心对人口普查局数据的分析,估计2008年在美国出生的430万婴儿中有340,000人是“未经授权的移民”。 新加披国立大学社会学作业代写:授权的移民 Although the legal concept of birth citizenship has been challenged in court for many years, its policy of automatically granting US citizenship to undocumented immigrant children has not performed well in public opinion courts. For example, a 2015 survey by the Pew Research Center found that 53% of Republicans, 23% of Democrats, and 42% of Americans generally favor a change of constitution that prohibits children born in the United States from obtaining undocumented immigrant parents. citizenship. Opponents of many innate citizenship believe that it encourages prospective parents to come to the United States to give birth to an opportunity to gain legal status as a legal resident (green card) - a practice commonly referred to as "born travel." The Hispanic Center analyzed data from the Census Bureau that it is estimated that 340,000 of the 4.3 million babies born in the United States in 2008 were “unauthorized immigrants”....
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英国谢菲尔德大学论文代写:亚当斯诉纽约案

周的律师辩称,当他们在没有获得证据的情况下进入他家时,警察违反了周的第四修正案对不合理搜查和扣押的保护。他们还辩称,允许在法庭上使用非法获得的证据会违反第四修正案的目的。律师代表政府辩称,逮捕是基于充分可能的原因。搜查中发现的证据证实了警察所怀疑的内容:周有罪,证据证明了这一点。因此,律师推断,它应该有资格在法庭上使用。法院威廉·戴在1914年2月24日作出的决定中,法院裁定在周的家中搜查和没收证据违反了他的第四修正案权利。法院表示,第四修正案的保护适用于“是否被指控犯罪”的人。官员需要逮捕令或同意搜查周的家。当法院拒绝归还被扣押的证据时,联邦政府也违反了周的第四修正案保护措施。在一次不合理的搜查中,法院驳回了政府的一个主要论点。政府的律师试图证明亚当斯诉纽约案和周案的相似之处。在亚当斯诉纽约案中,法院裁定,在进行合法,有保证的搜查时偶然查获的证据可以在法庭上使用。由于官员没有使用手令搜查周的家,法院拒绝适用在亚当斯诉纽约案中达成的裁决。大法官裁定非法查获的证据是“来自有毒树的果实。”它不能在联邦法院使用。允许地方检察官使用这些证据定罪周违反了第四修正案的意图。 英国谢菲尔德大学论文代写:亚当斯诉纽约案 Zhou’s lawyers argued that when they entered his home without evidence, the police violated Zhou’s Fourth Amendment’s protection against unreasonable searches and seizures. They also argued that allowing the use of illegally obtained evidence in court would violate the purpose of the Fourth Amendment. Lawyers on behalf of the government argued that arrests were based on a full-featured reason. The evidence found in the search confirmed what the police suspected: Zhou was guilty and the evidence proved this. Therefore, the lawyer concluded that it should be eligible for use in court. In a decision made by the court, William Day, on February 24, 1914, the court ruled that the search and confiscation of evidence at the home of the week violated his Fourth Amendment rights. The court stated that the protection of the Fourth Amendment applies to those who are “accused of crimes”. Officials need an arrest warrant or consent to search the home of the week. When the court...
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