在社会正义背景下，无论是政府，私人组织，个人还是其他团体，当个人或群体受到歧视或以其他方式受到不公正待遇时，压迫就会发生。 （这个词来自拉丁语根opprimere，意思是“压下来。”）这里有12种不同形式的压迫，虽然这个列表并不全面。 请注意，在许多情况下，这些类别的重叠方式使得一个人可以潜在地处理多种形式的压迫。 请注意，这些类别描述了行为模式，而不一定是信仰系统。 你可以拥有关于社会平等的所有正确信念，并且仍然可以通过你的行为来实践压迫。
In a social justice context, oppression is what happens when individuals or groups of people are discriminated against or otherwise treated unjustly, whether by the government, private organizations, individuals, or other groups. (The word comes from the Latin root opprimere, which means “pressed down.”) Here are 12 different forms of oppression, although the list is by no means comprehensive. Note that in many cases, these categories overlap in such a way that one person can potentially deal with multiple forms of oppression. Please note that these categories describe patterns of behavior, and not necessarily belief systems. You can have all the right beliefs about social equality and still practice oppression through your actions.