社会不平等的特征在于对群体或社会中不同的社会地位或地位存在不平等的机会和奖励。它包含商品,财富,机会,奖励和惩罚的不平等分配的结构化和经常性模式。例如,种族主义被理解为一种现象,即权利和资源的获取在种族界限上不公平地分配。在美国的背景下,有色人种通常会经历种族主义,通过赋予他们白人特权而使白人受益,这使他们比其他美国人更容易获得权利和资源。衡量社会不平等有两种主要方式:条件不平等和机会不平等。条件的不平等是指收入,财富和物质产品的不平等分配。例如,住房是与无家可归者和生活在住房项目中的人生活在等级底层的条件不平等,而生活在价值数百万美元的住宅中的人则处于最顶层。另一个例子是整个社区,其中一些人贫穷,不稳定,并受到暴力的困扰,而另一些则由企业和政府投资,以便他们茁壮成长并为居民提供安全,安全和幸福的条件。机会不平等是指个人生活机会的不平等分配。这反映在诸如教育水平,健康状况和刑事司法系统治疗等措施上。例如,研究表明,大学教授更容易忽视来自女性和有色人种的电子邮件,而忽略了白人男性的电子邮件,白人通过引导有偏见的指导和教育,使白人的教育成果脱颖而出。资源给他们。个人,社区和机构层面的歧视是再现种族,阶级,性别和性行为的社会不平等过程的重要组成部分。例如,女性在做同样工作时的收入比男性低,而且社会学家最终证明种族主义是我们社会的基础,并存在于我们所有的社会机构中。社会学中存在社会不平等的两种主要观点。一种观点与功能主义理论一致,另一种观点与冲突理论相一致。功能主义理论家认为,不平等是不可避免的,也是可取的,在社会中起着重要的作用。社会中的重要职位需要更多的培训,因此应该获得更多的奖励。根据这种观点,社会不平等和社会分层导致了基于能力的精英管理。另一方面,冲突理论家将不平等视为由权力较弱的群体组成的群体所造成的。他们认为社会不平等阻碍并阻碍社会进步,因为当权者压制无能为力的人维持现状。在当今世界,这种统治工作主要通过意识形态,思想,价值观,信仰,世界观,规范和期望的力量,通过一种称为文化霸权的过程来实现。

新加坡国立大学社会学Assignment代写:社会不平等

Social inequality is characterized by unequal opportunities and rewards for different social status or status in groups or societies. It contains structured and recurrent patterns of unequal distribution of goods, wealth, opportunities, rewards and punishments. For example, racism is understood as a phenomenon in which the acquisition of rights and resources is unfairly distributed across ethnic boundaries. In the context of the United States, people of color often experience racism, benefiting whites by giving them white privileges, which makes them more accessible to other people than others. There are two main ways to measure social inequality: conditional inequality and opportunity inequality. Inequality in conditions refers to the unequal distribution of income, wealth and material goods. For example, housing is the unequal condition of living at the bottom of the hierarchy with people who are homeless and living in housing projects, while those living in multi-million dollar homes are at the top. Another example is the entire community, some of whom are poor, unstable, and plagued by violence, while others are invested by businesses and governments to thrive and provide residents with safe, secure and happy conditions. Inequality of opportunity refers to the unequal distribution of personal life opportunities. This is reflected in measures such as education levels, health status and treatment of the criminal justice system. For example, studies have shown that university professors are more likely to ignore e-mails from women and people of color, while ignoring the e-mails of white men, whites stand out from the whites by guiding biased instruction and education. Give them resources. Discrimination at the individual, community and institutional levels is an important part of the process of social inequality that reproduces race, class, gender and sexuality. For example, women earn less than men when doing the same job, and sociologists have finally proved that racism is the foundation of our society and exists in all our social institutions. There are two main views of social inequality in sociology. One view is consistent with functionalist theory, and the other is consistent with conflict theory. Functionalist theorists believe that inequality is inevitable and desirable, and plays an important role in society. Important positions in society require more training, so more rewards should be obtained. According to this view, social inequality and social stratification led to capacity-based elite management. On the other hand, conflict theorists regard inequality as a group of weaker groups. They believe that social inequality hinders and hinders social progress, because those in power suppress the powerless people to maintain the status quo. In today’s world, this ruling work is mainly achieved through a process called cultural hegemony through the power of ideology, thoughts, values, beliefs, worldviews, norms and expectations.

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