在该领域的早期历史(19世纪末/ 20世纪初),人类学家几乎都是欧洲人或美国人,他们认为他们认为是“原始”社会的研究是他们认为被西方影响“触及”的。 由于这种心态,该领域长期以来一直受到批评,因为它对非西方人的殖民主义,居高临下的态度及其对其文化的不准确表现; 例如,早期的人类学家经常写到非洲文化是静态的,不变的,这表明非洲人永远不会是现代的,他们的文化不会像西方文化那样经历变化。 在20世纪后期,像詹姆斯克利福德和乔治马库斯这样的人类学家解决了这些虚假陈述,这表明民族志学者更加意识到并预见到他们与研究对象之间不平等的权力关系。

新加坡国立大学文化Essay代写:虚假陈述

In the early history of the field (early 19th/early 20th century), anthropologists were almost all Europeans or Americans who believed that what they considered to be “primitive” society was that they believed to be “touched” by Western influences. Because of this mentality, the field has long been criticized because of its condescending attitude towards non-Western colonialism and its inaccurate expression of its culture; for example, early anthropologists often wrote that African culture is static The same, this shows that Africans will never be modern, and their culture will not experience changes like Western culture. In the late 20th century, anthropologists such as James Clifford and George Marcus solved these false statements, suggesting that ethnographers are more aware of and anticipate the unequal power relations between them and the subjects they study.

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