托马斯爱迪生的祖先生活在新泽西州，直到他们在美国革命期间对英国王室的忠诚驱使他们到加拿大新斯科舍省。从那里开始，后来的几代人搬到了安大略省，并在1812年的战争中与美国人作战。爱迪生的母亲南希·艾略特来自纽约，直到她的家人搬到加拿大的维也纳，在那里她遇到了小爱戴森，后来她已婚。当萨姆在19世纪30年代参与安大略省一次不成功的起义时，他被迫逃往美国，并于1839年在俄亥俄州米兰建立了自己的家园。托马斯·阿尔瓦·爱迪生于1847年2月11日在俄亥俄州米兰市出生于萨姆和南希。爱迪生在他年轻时被称为“艾尔”，是七个孩子中最小的一个，其中四个幸存至成年。爱迪生年轻时往往身体不好。为了寻求更好的财富，Sam Edison于1854年将家搬到了密歇根州的休伦港，在那里他从事木材业务。爱迪生是一个贫穷的学生。当一个叫爱迪生的校长“吵架”或者说慢一点。他愤怒的母亲带他离开学校，继续在家里教他。爱迪生多年后说，“我的母亲是我的造型。她是如此真实，对我如此肯定，我觉得我有一个人可以活下去，我不能让人失望。”在很小的时候，他对机械和化学实验表现出了浓厚的兴趣。 1859年，爱迪生在Grand Trunk Railroad向底特律出售报纸和糖果。在行李车中，他为化学实验和印刷机建立了一个实验室，在那里他创办了“大树干先驱报”，这是在火车上发表的第一份报纸。意外的火灾迫使他停止了他的实验。十二岁左右，爱迪生几乎失去了他所有的听力。关于是什么导致他的听力损失有几种理论。有些人将其归因于小时候猩红热的后遗症。在爱迪生在行李车上引起火灾之后，其他人将其归咎于指挥拳击他的耳朵，这是爱迪生声称从未发生的事件。爱迪生自己将此归咎于他被耳朵抓住并抬到火车上的事件。然而，他没有让他的残疾劝阻他，并且经常将其视为一种资产，因为这使他更容易专注于他的实验和研究。然而，毫无疑问，他的耳聋使他在与他人打交道时更加孤独和害羞。 1862年，爱迪生从赛道上救出了一名三岁小孩，一辆卡车正准备进入他的行列。感恩的父亲，J.U。 MacKenzie教授爱迪生铁路电报作为奖励。那年冬天，他在休伦港担任电报员。与此同时，他继续他的科学实验。 1863年至1867年间，爱迪生在美国从一个城市迁移到另一个城市，从事电报工作。 1868年，爱迪生搬到了波士顿，在那里他在西联办公室工作，并更多地致力于发明事物。 1869年1月，爱迪生辞去了工作，打算全身心地投入时间。他的第一项获得专利的发明是1869年6月的电子投票记录器。由于政治家们不愿意使用这台机器而感到沮丧，他决定将来不会浪费时间发明无人想要的东西。爱迪生于1869年中期搬到了纽约市。一位朋友富兰克林·波普允许爱迪生在塞缪尔·劳斯的黄金指标公司的一个房间里睡觉。当爱迪生设法在那里修理破损的机器时，他被雇用来管理和改进打印机。在他生命的下一个阶段，爱迪生参与了处理电报的多个项目和合作伙伴关系。 1869年10月，爱迪生与富兰克林·波普和詹姆斯·阿什利组建了教皇，爱迪生和公司。他们宣传自己是电气设备的电气工程师和建造者。爱迪生获得了几项改进电报的专利。合伙企业于1870年与Gold and Stock Telegraph Co.合并.Edison还与新泽西州纽瓦克市的Newark Telegraph工厂合作，与William Unger合作生产股票打印机。他组建了美国电报公司，致力于在今年晚些时候开发自动电报。 1874年，他开始研究西联汇款的多路电报系统，最终开发出四重电报，可以同时向两个方向发送两条信息。当爱迪生将他的专利权卖给竞争对手大西洋和太平洋电讯公司时，随后西联汇款赢得了一系列法庭诉讼。除了其他电报发明，他还在1875年开发了电笔。
Thomas Edison’s ancestors lived in New Jersey until their loyalty to the British royal family during the American Revolution drove them to Nova Scotia, Canada. From there, generations later moved to Ontario and fought against Americans in the 1812 war. Edison’s mother, Nancy Eliot, came from New York until her family moved to Vienna, Canada, where she met Little Dyson and she was married. When Sam participated in an unsuccessful uprising in Ontario in the 1930s, he was forced to flee to the United States and established his home in Milan, Ohio in 1839. Thomas Alva Edison was born in Sam and Nancy on February 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio. Edison was called “Ayr” when he was young, the smallest of the seven children, four of whom survived to adulthood. Edison is often in poor health when he is young. In search of better wealth, Sam Edison moved his family to Port Huron, Michigan in 1854, where he worked in the timber business. Edison is a poor student. When a principal named Edison “argued” or slowed down. His angry mother took him out of school and continued to teach him at home. Edison said many years later, “My mother is my styling. She is so real, so sure to me, I think I have someone who can live, I can’t disappoint.” At a very young age, he was mechanically and Chemical experiments have shown a strong interest. In 1859, Edison sold newspapers and candy to Detroit on the Grand Trunk Railroad. In the baggage car, he set up a laboratory for chemical experiments and printing presses, where he founded the “Big Tree Herald”, the first newspaper published on the train. The unexpected fire forced him to stop his experiment. Around the age of twelve, Edison almost lost all his hearing. There are several theories about what causes his hearing loss. Some people attribute it to the sequela of scarlet fever when they were young. After Edison caused a fire on the baggage car, others blamed it on the boxing of his ear, an event that Edison claimed never happened. Edison himself blamed the incident in which he was caught by his ear and carried on the train. However, he did not dissuage him with his disability and often regarded it as an asset because it made it easier for him to focus on his experiments and research. However, there is no doubt that his deafness makes him more lonely and shy when dealing with others. In 1862, Edison rescued a three-year-old from the track, and a truck was preparing to enter his ranks. Grateful father, J.U. Professor MacKenzie Edison Railway Telegraph as a reward. That winter, he worked as a telegrapher at Port Huron. At the same time, he continued his scientific experiments. Between 1863 and 1867, Edison moved from one city to another in the United States, working on telegraph. In 1868, Edison moved to Boston, where he worked in the Western Union office and was more committed to inventing things. In January 1869, Edison resigned from his job and planned to devote himself to his time. His first patented invention was the electronic voting recorder of June 1869. Frustrated by the politicians’ reluctance to use the machine, he decided not to waste time inventing what no one wanted. Edison moved to New York City in mid-1869. A friend, Franklin Pope, allowed Edison to sleep in a room at Samuel Rolls’ Gold Indicators Company. When Edison managed to repair the broken machine there, he was hired to manage and improve the printer. In the next phase of his life, Edison participated in several projects and partnerships dealing with the telegraph. In October 1869, Edison formed a pope, Edison and company with Franklin Pop and James Ashley. They advertise themselves as electrical engineers and builders of electrical equipment. Edison received several patents to improve the telegraph. The partnership merged with Gold and Stock Telegraph Co. in 1870. Edison also partnered with the Newark Telegraph facility in Newark, NJ, to work with William Unger to produce stock printers. He formed the American Telegraph Company and is committed to developing automated telegrams later this year. In 1874, he began to study the Western Union’s multi-channel telegraph system, eventually developing a quadruple telegram that could send two messages simultaneously in both directions. When Edison sold his patent to rival Atlantic and Pacific Telecom, Western Union remittances subsequently won a series of court proceedings. In addition to other telegraph inventions, he also developed electric pens in 1875.