国道是美国早期的一个联邦项目,旨在解决今天看似古怪但当时非常严重的问题。这个年轻的国家拥有大片西部土地。人们到达那里根本没有简单的方法。当时朝西的道路是原始的,在大多数情况下是印度小径或法国和印度战争的旧军事小径。当俄亥俄州于1803年进入联盟时,显然必须采取一些措施,因为该国实际上有一个难以到达的国家。 18世纪后期至今肯塔基州的荒野之路向西行驶的主要道路之一,由边疆人丹尼尔布恩策划。这是一个由土地投机者资助的私人项目。虽然它取得了成功,但国会议员意识到他们并不总是能够依靠私营企业家来创建基础设施。美国国会讨论了建设所谓国道的问题。我们的想法是建造一条通往当时美国中心的道路,即马里兰州向西,向俄亥俄州以及更远的地方。国家道路的倡导者之一是财政部长阿尔伯特加勒廷,他还将发布一份报告,呼吁在这个年轻的国家修建运河。除了为定居者提供进入西部的途径之外,这条路也被视为商业的福音。农民和贸易商可以将货物运往东部市场,因此这条道路被视为该国经济的必要条件。国会通过立法,拨款30,000美元用于修建公路,规定总统应任命监督测量和规划的专员。托马斯·杰斐逊总统于1806年3月29日将该法案签署为法律

新加坡南洋理工建筑学Assignment代写:美国第一条高速公路

The National Road was a federal project in early America designed to address a problem which seems quaint today but was extremely serious at the time. The young nation possessed enormous tracts of land to the west. And there was simply no easy way for people to get there. The roads heading westward at the time were primitive, and in most cases were Indian trails or old military trails dating to the French and Indian War. When the state of Ohio was admitted to the Union in 1803, it was apparent that something had to be done, as the country actually had a state that was difficult to reach. One of the major routes westward in the late 1700s to present day Kentucky, the Wilderness Road, had been plotted by frontiersman Daniel Boone. That was a private project, funded by land speculators. And while it was successful, members of Congress realized they wouldn’t always be able to count on private entrepreneurs to create infrastructure. The U.S. Congress took up the issue of building what was called the National Road. The idea was to build a road which would lead from the center of the United States at the time, which was Maryland, westward, to Ohio and beyond. One of the advocates for the National Road was Albert Gallatin, the secretary of the treasury, who would also issue a report calling for the construction of canals in the young nation. In addition to providing a way for settlers to get to the west, the road was also seen as a boon to business. Farmers and traders could move goods to markets in the east, and the road was thus seen as necessary to the country’s economy. The Congress passed legislation allocating the sum of $30,000 for the building of the road, stipulating that the President should appoint commissioners who would supervise the surveying and planning. President Thomas Jefferson signed the bill into law on March 29, 1806.

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