全球化社会学是社会学中的一个子领域，侧重于理解全球化世界特有的结构，制度，群体，关系，意识形态，趋势和模式。研究在这个子领域内的社会学家关注的是全球化进程如何改变或改变了先前存在的社会因素，可能因全球化而演变的社会新元素，以及社会，经济，政治，文化和环境这个过程的含义。全球化社会学包含对经济，政治和文化全球化的研究，更重要的是，它考察了所有这三个方面的相互作用，因为它们都是相互依赖的。当社会学家关注全球化的经济方面时，他们会研究资本主义经济是如何从全球化前的状态演变而来的。他们研究生产，金融和贸易规则中的法律变化，这些规则促进或响应经济全球化;全球化经济中的生产过程和关系如何不同;劳动的条件和经验以及劳动的价值如何对全球化经济特别重要;全球化如何改变消费和分配模式;以及在全球经济中运营的商业企业可能具有或不具备的特征。社会学家发现，允许其全球化的经济放松管制导致全球不安全，低工资和不安全的工作增加，并且企业在资本主义的全球时代积累了前所未有的财富水平。要了解有关经济全球化的更多信息，请参阅William I. Robinson，Richard P. Appelbaum，Leslie Salzinger，Molly Talcott，Pun Ngai和Yen Le Espiritu等人的着作。在研究政治全球化时，社会学家专注于理解政治制度，行为者，政府形式和治理的变化或新变化，大众政治的实践，政治参与的模式以及它们在全球背景下的关系。政治全球化与经济全球化密切相关，因为在政治领域内，关于如何全球化和经营经济的决策已经并且正在制定。社会学家发现，全球时代已经形成了全球范围内的全新治理形式（跨国国家），由国家元首组织或来自许多国家的高层代表组成，他们决定全球社会的规则。一些人将他们的研究重点放在全球化对大众政治运动的影响上，并阐明了数字技术在促进全球化的政治和社会运动中的作用，这些运动反映了全世界人们的共同观念，价值观和目标（如占据运动） ， 例如）。许多社会学家将“全球化与上述”（全球化由跨国公司领导者和跨国国家决定）与“全球化从下面”（全球化的民主形式）所要求区分开来。要了解有关政治全球化的更多信息，请参阅Josef I. Conti，Vandana Shiva，William F. Fisher，Thomas Ponniah和William I. Robinson等人的着作。文化全球化是一种与经济和政治全球化相关的现象。它指的是全球范围内的价值观，观念，规范，常识，生活方式，语言，行为和实践的出口，进口，分享，再利用和适应。社会学家发现，文化全球化是通过消费品的全球贸易来实现的，消费品传播生活方式趋势，电影，电视，音乐，艺术和在线共享材料等流行媒体;通过实施从其他地区借来的重塑日常生活和社会模式的治理形式;开展业务和工作方式的传播;从人们从一个地方到另一个地方的旅行。技术创新对文化全球化产生了巨大影响，因为最近旅游，媒体制作和通信技术的进步带来了全球范围内的大规模文化转变。
Globalization sociology is a subfield of sociology that focuses on understanding the unique structures, institutions, groups, relationships, ideologies, trends, and patterns of a globalized world. Sociologists who study in this subfield are concerned with how the process of globalization has changed or changed pre-existing social factors, new social elements that may evolve as a result of globalization, and the processes of society, economy, politics, culture and the environment. The meaning. Globalization sociology includes research on economic, political, and cultural globalization, and more importantly, it examines the interaction of all three aspects because they are interdependent. When sociologists focus on the economic aspects of globalization, they study how the capitalist economy evolved from its pre-global state. They study legal changes in production, finance, and trade rules that promote or respond to economic globalization; how production processes and relationships differ in a globalized economy; the conditions and experience of labor and the value of labor are particularly important to a globalized economy. How globalization can change consumption and distribution patterns; and the characteristics that commercial enterprises operating in the global economy may or may not have. Sociologists have found that economic deregulation that allows their globalization has led to global insecurity, increased wages and unsafe jobs, and companies have accumulated unprecedented levels of wealth in the global era of capitalism. To learn more about economic globalization, see William I. Robinson, Richard P. Appelbaum, Leslie Salzinger, Molly Talcott, Pun Ngai, and Yen Le Espiritu. In studying political globalization, sociologists focus on understanding political institutions, actors, changes or new changes in government forms and governance, the practice of mass politics, the patterns of political participation, and their relationships in a global context. Political globalization is closely related to economic globalization, because in the political arena, decisions about how to globalize and operate the economy have been and are being worked out. Sociologists have found that the global era has formed a new form of governance (transnational countries) on a global scale, composed of heads of state or high-level representatives from many countries, who determine the rules of the global society. Some have focused their research on the impact of globalization on the mass political movement and clarified the role of digital technology in promoting political and social movements of globalization that reflect the common beliefs, values and values of people around the world. Target (such as occupying sports), for example). Many sociologists distinguish between “globalization and the above” (globalization is determined by multinational corporation leaders and transnational countries) and “globalization from below” (global forms of democracy). To learn more about political globalization, see the works by Josef I. Conti, Vandana Shiva, William F. Fisher, Thomas Ponniah, and William I. Robinson. Cultural globalization is a phenomenon associated with economic and political globalization. It refers to the export, import, sharing, reuse and adaptation of values, concepts, norms, common sense, lifestyle, language, behavior and practice on a global scale. Sociologists have found that cultural globalization is achieved through global trade in consumer goods, consumer goods, lifestyle trends, popular media such as movies, television, music, art and online sharing materials; and reinvention of everyday life borrowed from other regions. The form of governance of life and social models; the spread of business and work methods; and the travel of people from one place to another. Technological innovation has had a huge impact on cultural globalization, as recent advances in tourism, media production and communication technologies have brought about large-scale cultural shifts across the globe.